Specificity is one of the most important principles of physical fitness. It states that the type of training you use must be tailored for the specific physical goal that you want to achieve. For example, if you are looking to compete in a marathon, you should run. If you are looking to build muscle, you should lift weights. And if you are looking to improve your flexibility and get rid of chronic pain, you should foam roll and stretch.
At Crux Fitness Richmond, we understand that most of our clients are looking to lose fat, build muscle, and feel healthier. So as a trainer, I tailor the workouts specifically in order to help clients achieve those goals. While it may seem like a schizophrenic conglomeration of different movements and modalities, everything has a purpose and every exercise is programmed with a specific goal in mind. Here is a template that I often use to help people feel better, move better, and look better:
- Active stretching for 5-10 minutes to undo poor posture and improve movement mechanics
- Strength training for 20-30 minutes to build muscle, improve bone density, and burn fat
- Cardio for 10-15 minutes to improve heart and lung function and burn fat
- Passive stretching and foam rolling for 10-15 minutes to undo poor posture and reduce muscle and joint pain
So as you can see from the example above, every piece of your training program needs to have a specific purpose. It is the only way to stay on track and achieve your fitness goals in the fastest way possible. If you have a quality personal trainer or coach, you probably do not need to worry about any of this. But if you are working out on your own, please take the time to think about what you are doing and why before every workout. Your progress depends on it!
Pat Koo – Personal Trainer at Crux Fitness Richmond